FTP, which stands for File Transfer Protocol, is a communication protocol designed to enable the easy transfer of files between two computers connected to the internet. FTP is commonly used to transfer files to servers for website integration. This insightful blog post, authored by Fast Panda, delves into the comprehensive exploration of Understanding FTP and provides practical insights on how to effectively utilize this essential tool. FTP is among the earliest internet protocols developed. With FTP:

  • A connection is established with another computer while transferring files.
  • The protocol facilitates sending and receiving operations through a series of commands.

Requirements for FTP

  1. The internet address of the target computer.
  2. User number and password (if applicable) for the account on the target computer.
  3. A computer with internet access and FTP software.
  4. The target computer must have a working FTP service program (FTP site) to interpret FTP protocol commands.

Using FTP

Use the FTP command followed by the address of the target machine for initiating an FTP connection (ftp <address of the machine where ftp will be made>). After connecting to the relevant computer, you’ll be prompted for the user number and password. This interactive environment allows file operations between the connected machines through specific commands, including basic file/disk operations on the connected machine.

FTP Commands

  1. cd: Change directory (e.g., cd <directory name> or cd .. for the previous directory).
  2. pwd: Displays the name of the current directory.
  3. dir: Lists files in the current directory. (Note: This is accurate; it lists files in the current directory.)
  4. ls: Lists files page by page, showing them in short form. (ls -lr for detailed reverse alphabetical listing).
  5. get: Retrieves a file (e.g., get <file-name>).
  6. mget: Retrieves multiple files (e.g., mget *.zip or mget a*.*).
  7. put: Sends a file (e.g., put <file-name>).
  8. mput: Sends multiple files.
  9. ascii: Specifies ASCII as the transfer mode.
  10. binary: Specifies Binary mode for certain files (e.g., archives, executables, image formats).

Additional FTP Operations

  • delete: Deletes a file at an FTP location (e.g., delete <file-name>).
  • mkdir: Creates a new directory in the FTP location (e.g., mkdir <directory-name>).
  • rmdir: Deletes an empty directory in the FTP location (e.g., rmdir <directory-name>).
  • lcd: Allows changing the local directory on your machine without leaving the FTP environment.
  • close: Closes the relevant connection without leaving the FTP environment.
  • quit: Exits the FTP environment and closes the connection.

FTP on the Web

Recent trends include accessing internet services through more interactive environments like the World Wide Web (WEB). Users can also perform FTP over the Web, which offers a user-friendly approach with features such as bookmarks and cache.

Considerations for FTP

  • Transfer binary files (e.g., EXE, ZIP) in BINARY mode.
  • In Anonymous FTP, enter your correct email address as a password.
  • Be aware of Unix case sensitivity; exact file names are crucial.

Top FTP Programs

Around the globe, there’s a multitude of programs offering FTP connections. In this segment, we will explore a selection of programs renowned for their swiftness, straightforwardness, and user-friendly interfaces.


FileZilla stands out as a straightforward and speedy FTP connection program. It works seamlessly on all operating systems and excels in both client and FTP server configurations. You can easily download and install it on your computer by following the link below. Download FileZilla


For Windows operating system users, WinSCP proves to be an ideal FTP program. With support for numerous FTP protocols, WinSCP eliminates the need for additional programs. Download it to your computer via the link below. WinSCP Download


As a paid FTP program, CyberDuck boasts a Turkish interface and offers support for FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, OneDrive, and Google Drive. Moreover, you can use it for free. Access the CyberDuck program through the link provided below. CyberDuck Download


Designed for the Mac operating system, Transmit comes in both paid and free versions. This FTP program facilitates swift and easy transactions, allowing you to establish SSH, SFTP, and FTP FTP connections. Download the Transmit FTP program from the link below and install it on your computer. Transmit FTP Download